Objectives

  • Review basic physics principles and their relation to ultrasound imaging
  • Examine ultrasound knobology 
  • Evaluate ultrasound scanning planes and imaging modes
  • Review common artifacts found in ultrasound images and their significance
  • Evaluate Abdominal Trauma for Intraperitoneal Free Fluid
  • Evaluate Thoracic Trauma for Hemothorax and Pneumothorax
  • Demonstrate the acquisition of standard ultrasound images of the heart
  • Identify cardiac anatomy on ultrasound images
  • Differentiate normal from abnormal findings on cardiac ultrasound
  • Identify the proper scanning technique for pregnant patients
  • Identify key pelvic anatomy in a pregnant patient (cervix, vaginal stripe, bladder, uterus, ovary)
  • Identify the earliest sonographic appearance of an intrauterine pregnancy
  • Utilize ultrasound to guide needle entry for central vascular access
  • Utilize ultrasound to guide needle entry for peripheral vascular access
  • Identify the uses of bedside ultrasound to assist with the diagnosis of a patient presenting to the ED with abdominal pain
  • List criteria for making the diagnosis of an abdominal aortic aneurysm
  • Recognize sonographic findings of acute cholecystitis
  • Identify sonographic findings common in patients with acute nephrolithiasis
  • Recognize early signs of tamponade physiology
  • Recognize signs of heart strain related to pulmonary embolism
  • Identify clinical indications to perform focused lung ultrasound exam
  • Learn to narrow differential diagnosis in acutely hypoxic patient using focused lung ultrasound exam
  • Understand pitfalls and limitations of focused lung ultrasound
  • Identify optimizing ultrasound guided vascular access
  • Describe ultrasound guided subclavian access
  • Review qualitative estimation of IVC collapse and Cardiac Ejection Fraction
  • Review B-Lines on lung ultrasound
  • Describe how to use IVC, Cardiac and Lung ultrasound to help differentiate types of shock
  • Describe how to use IVC, Cardiac and Lung ultrasound to aid in fluid resuscitation
  • Identify the appearance of normal skin, subcutaneous tissue, fascia, muscle, tendons, vessels, nerves and bone on ultrasound
  • Differentiate cellulitis from abscess on ultrasound
  • Describe the appearance of a lymph node on ultrasound
  • Identify the appearance of tendon injury, muscular hematoma and fractures on ultrasound
  • Review principles of a nerve blocks
  • Discuss the indications for conducting an ocular ultrasound
  • Review technique for the proper acquisition of ocular ultrasound images
  • Examine normal and pathological ocular ultrasound images
  • List tools used for diagnosing Subarachnoid hemorrhage in the emergency department
  • Identify the best therapies to improve outcome for the patient with Intracerebral hemorrhage
  • Discuss basic RV function, pathophysiology of RV failure
  • Evaluate RV failure at the bedside clinically and using ultrasound, and management of the failing RV
  • Discuss coordinating care for the emergency department’s highest utilizers
  • Identify benefits of health information exchange utilization with the emergency department
  • Recognize the signs of opioid dependency
  • Investigate the use of Osteopathic Manipulative Therapy for acute pain in the ED
  • Recall key points of the 2018 LLSA articles and pass the exam so that professional standing with ABEM is maintained